Amen­de­menten Hazekamp op het voorstel "Schone lucht voor iedereen"


15 oktober 2018

A Europe that protects: Clean air for all
Draft motion for a resolution
PE627.578 - 2018/2792(RSP)



Amendment 1
Anja Hazekamp

Draft motion for a resolution
Recital A a (new)

Amendment

A a. Whereas the EEA1a estimates of the health impacts attributable to exposure to air pollution demonstrate that particulate matter (PM) 2.5 concentrations in 2014 were responsible for about 399.000 premature deaths originating from long-term exposure in the EU-28; whereas the estimated impacts in the EU of exposure to NO2 and O3 concentrations in 2014 were respectively around 75.000 and 13.600 premature deaths per year;

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1a EEA Air Quality in Europe 2017 report


Amendment 2
Anja Hazekamp

Draft motion for a resolution
Recital C a (new)

Amendment

C a. Whereas current food and farming systems are responsible for excessive ammonia, nitrous oxide and methane emissions; whereas 94% of ammonia emissions and 40% of methane emissions come from agricultural activities; whereas on a global scale, intensive lifestock farming produces more greenhouse gass emissions than traffic and transport;


Amendment 3
Anja Hazekamp

Draft motion for a resolution
Recital C b (new)

Amendment

C b. Whereas secondary PM formation results from a series of chemical and physical reactions involving different precursor gases, such as SO2 and NOx, and ammonia (NH3) reacting to form sulphate, nitrate and ammonium particulate matter


Amendment 4
Anja Hazekamp


Draft motion for a resolution
Recital C c (new)

Amendment

C c. Whereas black carbon (BC), a product of incomplete combustion of organic carbon as emitted from traffic, fossil fuels and biomass burning and industry, is one of the constituents of fine PM and has a global warming effect;


Amendment 5
Anja Hazekamp


Draft motion for a resolution
Recital C d (new)

Amendment

C d. Whereas in 2015, the EU-28 agricultural sector emitted 3.751 kilotonnes of ammonia, and was responsible for 94% of total ammonia emissions across the region;

Amendment 6
Anja Hazekamp

Draft motion for a resolution
Paragraph 2

Draft motion for a resolution

2. Urges the Member States to prioritise the implementation of coordinated actions and policies for improving air quality in urban areas, in order to reach the ultimate objectives of halting premature deaths and diseases caused by the exposure to air pollutants and cutting their related social costs across the Union;

Amendment


2. Urges the Member States to prioritise the implementation of coordinated actions and policies for improving air quality in urban areas, in order to reach the ultimate objectives of halting premature deaths and diseases caused by the exposure to air pollutants and cutting their related social costs across the Union; urges the Member States to ensure that interventions to improve air quality in urban areas, should not have a negative impact on the air quality in surrounding areas, such as suburban areas and wider agglomerations;


Amendment 7
Anja Hazekamp

Draft motion for a resolution
Paragraph 3 a (new)

Amendment

3 a. Stresses that in order to improve air quality and in order to reduce the immense health and environmental costs from air pollution, the EU needs to rapidly and drastically limit the emissions caused by intensive livestock farming, and therefore move to ecological farming and to a system of sustainable food production;


Amendment 8
Anja Hazekamp

Draft motion for a resolution
Paragraph 3 b (new)

Amendment

3 b. Calls on the Commission to facilitate and promote an EU-wide shared vision for a sustainable food production system, more specifically one that does not cause air pollution, that does not contribute to negative health effects and increasing numbers of premature deaths, and that is to the benefit rather than to the detriment of both human and animal health and to the environment;


Amendment 9
Anja Hazekamp

Draft motion for a resolution
Paragraph 3 c (new)

Amendment

3 c. Calls on the Commission to acknowledge that current measures taken are far from sufficient to achieve the objective stated by the seventh Environment Action Programme on air quality; therefore urges the Commission to comply with its duty to protect both human and animal health and the environment and to take immediate action (such as, on PM2,5) and to apply much more ambitious limit values in order to efficiently tackle the various causes of air pollution;


Amendment 10
Anja Hazekamp

Draft motion for a resolution
Paragraph 4

Draft motion for a resolution

4. Invites Member States authorities to take a comprehensive approach to air pollution and to prioritise pollution mitigation approaches which have co-benefits in other domains; urges the competent authorities to develop Clean Air Action plans comprising credible measures addressing all sources of air pollution and all sectors of the economy; encourages cities and competent authorities to start working at all levels on a Covenant of Clean Air for all;

Amendment


4. Invites Member States authorities to take a comprehensive approach to air pollution, taking into account the various areas involved, such as farming and food production systems, nature conservation, climate change, energy efficiency, mobility and urban planning, and to prioritise pollution mitigation approaches which have co-benefits in other domains; urges the competent authorities to develop Clean Air Action plans comprising credible measures addressing all sources of air pollution and all sectors of the economy; encourages cities and competent authorities to start working at all levels on a Covenant of Clean Air for all;


Amendment 11
Anja Hazekamp

Draft motion for a resolution
Paragraph 17

Draft motion for a resolution

17. Recalls that in 2015 ammonia emissions from the agricultural sector accounted for 94% of total ammonia emissions across the Union; highlights that in urban areas, ammonia emissions account for around 50% of the health impacts of air pollution, as ammonia is a key precursor to particulate matter;

Amendment


17. Recalls that in 2015 ammonia emissions from the agricultural sector accounted for 94% of total ammonia emissions across the Union, the vast majority coming from intensive lifestock farming activities; highlights that in urban areas, ammonia emissions account for around 50% of the health impacts of air pollution, as ammonia is a key precursor to particulate matter;


Amendment 12
Anja Hazekamp

Draft motion for a resolution
Paragraph 17 a (new)

Amendment

17 a. Recalls the findings of the European Environmental Agency which stated in 2017 that NH3 (ammonia) emissions from agriculture contribute to episodes of high Particulate Matter (PM) concentrations experienced across Europe each spring, and concludes that NH3 emissions contribute to both negative short- and long-term health impacts;


Amendment 13
Anja Hazekamp

Draft motion for a resolution
Paragraph 17 b (new)

Amendment

17 b. Highlights that agriculture is the third most important source of primary PM10 emission in the EU, as stressed by the European Environmental Agency;


Amendment 14
Anja Hazekamp

Draft motion for a resolution
Paragraph 17 c (new)

Amendment

17 c. Underlines that scientific evidence is mounting about the detrimental health and environmental impacts caused by intensive lifestock farming, in Europe as well as globally;


Amendment 15
Anja Hazekamp

Draft motion for a resolution
Paragraph 18

Draft motion for a resolution

18. Recalls that methane emissions from agriculture are an important precursor to ground level ozone, which has adverse effects on human health, and 98% of the EU’s urban population is exposed to ozone levels exceeding WHO guidelines;

Amendment


18. Recalls that methane emissions from agriculture are an important precursor to ground level ozone, which has adverse health effects, and 98% of the EU’s urban population is exposed to ozone levels exceeding WHO guidelines;


Amendment 16
Anja Hazekamp

Draft motion for a resolution

Paragraph 19 a (new)

Amendment

19 a. Considers that future CAP funding should be mandatorily tied to the strictest possible and most effective pollutant abatement measures and that additionaly, funding should be made available only for agricultural activities that are ecological and sustainable and that have no negative impact on both humand and animal health or on the environment;


Amendment 17
Anja Hazekamp

Draft motion for a resolution

Paragraph 25

Draft motion for a resolution

25. Considers that more research is needed on the health effects of smaller particles, including PM1 and ultrafine particles;

Amendment


25. Considers that more research is needed on the health effects of smaller particles, including PM1 and ultrafine particles, including the potential toxicity of black carbon both alone and as a componant of fine and ultrafine PM;


Amendment 18
Anja Hazekamp

Draft motion for a resolution

Paragraph 26

Draft motion for a resolution

26. Urges Member States to remove any fiscal incentive, tax preference or budgetary transfer that directly or indirectly favour high-emissions means of transport in line with the principle of a level-playing field;

Amendment


26. Urges the Commission and the Member States to remove any fiscal incentive, tax preference, budgetary transfer or funding that directly or indirectly favour high-emissions means of transport and agricultural activities, in particulare intensive lifestock farming, as these activities contribute to air pollution and adverse health and environmental effects;


Amendment 19
Anja Hazekamp

Draft motion for a resolution

Paragraph 28

Draft motion for a resolution

28. Invites Member States to scale up funding for research on the impact of air quality on public health, society and on the economy, including an estimate of related externalities and for research on more comprehensive measurement strategies which could capture air pollution exposure taking into account individuals’ time and space trajectories;

Amendment


28. Invites Member States to scale up funding for research on the impact of air quality on both human and animal health and on the environment, including research on the health and environmental benefits resulting from ecological farming and a sustainable food productions system;


Status

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