Amen­de­menten Hazekamp op Ontwerp­verslag Een EU-strategie om methaan­emissies terug te dringen


18 juni 2021

Motion for a resolution of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety on an EU strategy to reduce methane emissions.

Amendment 1
Anja Hazekamp, Mick Wallace

Motion for a resolution
Citation 7 a (new)

Amendment

7 a. having regard to the Commission communication entitled ‘A EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030’ (COM(2020)0380),


Amendment 2
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Recital B

Motion for a resolution

B. whereas the European Climate Law commits the EU to reaching climate neutrality by 2050 with increased emission reductions by 2030; whereas addressing energy-related methane emissions is a key component of the European Green Deal, as are measures in the agriculture and waste sectors; whereas the EU strategy to reduce methane emissions notes that the EU should also play a role in ensuring methane emission reductions at global level, as the largest global importer of fossil fuels and a significant player in the agriculture sector;

Amendment

B. whereas the European Climate Law commits the EU to reaching climate neutrality by 2050 at the latest, with increased emission reductions by 2030; whereas addressing energy-related methane emissions is a key component of the European Green Deal, as are measures in the agriculture and waste sectors; whereas the EU strategy to reduce methane emissions notes that the EU should also play a role in ensuring methane emission reductions at global level, as the largest global importer of fossil fuels and a significant player in the agriculture sector;


Amendment 3
Anja Hazekamp, Mich Wallace

Motion for a resolution
Recital C

Motion for a resolution

C. whereas reducing methane emissions is indispensable in the fight against climate change, in line with the goals of the Paris Agreement; whereas methane emissions contribute to air pollution and it is therefore necessary to tackle these emissions in order to protect the health of EU citizens;

Amendment

C. whereas reducing methane emissions is indispensable in the fight against climate change, in line with the goals of the Paris Agreement; whereas methane emissions contribute to air pollution and it is therefore necessary to tackle these emissions in order to protect the health of EU citizens and ecosystems;


Amendment 4
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Recital D

Motion for a resolution

D. whereas cutting methane emissions can have a quicker impact on slowing the rate of global warming than reducing CO2 emissions, since methane does not stay in the atmosphere for as long, and it could therefore be one of the most cost-effective strategies to rapidly reduce the rate of warming and avoid some tipping points for global warming;

Amendment

D. whereas cutting methane emissions can have a quicker impact on slowing the rate of global warming than reducing CO2 emissions, since methane does not stay in the atmosphere for as long, and it therefore is one of the most effective strategies to rapidly reduce the rate of warming, achieve the objectives of the Paris agreement by limiting warming to 1.5°C, and avoid some tipping points for global warming;


Amendment 5
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Recital D a (new)

Amendment

D a. Whereas 53% of anthropogenic methane emissions come from agricultural sector, making it the largest single contributing sector to methane emissions in the EU; whereas unlike the waste and energy sectors whose methane emissions decreased slightly in the period of 2010 to 2018, emissions from the agricultural sector increased, demonstrating the failure of existing regulation to effectively address agricultural methane emissions;


Amendment 6
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Recital D b (new)

Amendment

D b. Whereas methane emissions in agriculture are primarily driven by the livestock industry, particularly ruminants such as cattle (for dairy and meat),sheep and goats, which are mainly associated with microbial activity in the digestive tracts of animals and manure management; whereas large livestock farms with more than 50 livestock units account for about 70% of agricultural methane emissions and 40% of total anthropogenic methane emissions in the EU;


Amendment 7
Anja Hazekamp, Mick Wallace

Motion for a resolution
Recital D c (new)

Amendment

D c. Whereas moving away from intensive livestock farming practices towards sustainable agriculture will deliver an immense reduction in methane emissions from the agricultural sector while also providing benefits for the environment,biodiversity, animal welfare and public health; whereas drastically reducing the number of animals kept in the EU for agriculture is an essential step in this process;


Amendment 8
Anja Hazekamp, Mick Wallace

Motion for a resolution
Recital D d (new)

Amendment

D d. Whereas adapting our diets and drastically reducing the production and consumption of animals while developing alternative protein sources to substitute meat, dairy and other animal products is a cost-effective, quick, healthy and easy measure to fight methane-induced climate change and will realise countless co-benefits for human, animal and ecosystem health and welfare;


Amendment 9
Anja Hazekamp, Mick Wallace

Motion for a resolution
Recital D e (new)

Amendment

D e. Whereas an agricultural system which imports millions of tons of soy and maize each year, feeds that to animals, and uses the huge amounts of excess manure this system creates to produce so-called biogas is inherently unsustainable; whereas the promotion of biogas as a “solution” " risks locking in unsustainable forms of intensive animal production that further contribute to the root causes of harmful methane emissions in agriculture;


Amendment 10
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Recital D f (new)

Amendment

D f. Whereas methane leakage during production and transport of fossil gas is a significant contributor to methane emissions in the energy sector; whereas improving leakage detection and repair and eliminating the practice of routine venting and flaring are essential measures to reduce methane emissions from the energy sector; whereas EU imports over half of globally traded fossil gas, thereby contributing to significant methane emissions outside of EU-borders, necessitating mandatory methane performance standards for imported fossil gas; whereas a phase-out of fossil gas production and consumption in the EU must be achieved as soon as possible in order to minimise methane-induced climate change; whereas abandoned fossil gas wells should be properly capped to prevent further methane leaks after their closure;


Amendment 11
Anja Hazekamp, Mick Wallace

Motion for a resolution
Recital D g (new)

Amendment

D g. Whereas peatlands are the world’s largest terrestrial carbon store; whereas the draining of peatlands for agriculture converts them from a carbon sink to a significant carbon source and makes them more susceptible to damaging wildfires; whereas the reduced methane emissions from drained peatlands are significantly outweighed by their increased emissions of carbon dioxide; whereas halting the conversion, draining and burning of peatlands and stimulating their restoration and rewetting is an extremely effective measure to fight climate change;


Amendment 12
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1

Motion for a resolution

1. Welcomes the cross-sectoral approach outlined in the EU strategy to reduce methane emissions and fully supports a fair framework covering the agriculture, waste and energy sectors;


Amendment 13
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 2

Motion for a resolution

2. Underlines the importance of improving measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) as well as leak detection and repair (LDAR) standards;

Amendment

2. Underlines the importance of improving measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) as well as leak detection and repair (LDAR) standards, stresses, however, that lack of data should not prevent swift and effective action on anthropogenic methane emissions, especially measures targeting the agricultural sector;


Amendment 14
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 3

Motion for a resolution

3. Underscores the need to revise EU climate and environmental legislation in a coherent manner; takes the view that the binding emissions reduction targets for Member States in the Effort Sharing Regulation5 should remain the main legislative tool to reduce methane emissions, while the Industrial Emissions Directive6 and other legislation could serve as a complementary tool;

Amendment

3. Underscores the need to revise EU climate and environmental legislation in a coherent manner; ; notes that alongside the binding emissions reduction targets for Member States in the Effort Sharing Regulation, the Industrial Emissions Directive should be revised to better address methane emissions; urges the Commission to expand the scope of the Industrial Emissions Directive by including effective measures and binding targets to drastically curb greenhouse gas emissions from all industrial and agriculture sources, including cattle-rearing;


Amendment 15
Anja Hazekamp, Mick Wallace

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 4

Motion for a resolution

4. Stresses the importance of developing an inventory of best practices and available technologies to promote the wider uptake of innovative mitigating actions;

Amendment

4. Stresses the importance of developing an inventory of best practices and available technologies to promote the wider uptake of innovative mitigating actions, underlines that all measures and technologies need to be in line with the animal welfare and environmental objectives and the ‘do no harm’ principle of the Green Deal;


Amendment 16
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 5

Motion for a resolution

5. Stresses that the upcoming methane regulatory measures should strive to achieve emissions reductions as cost-effectively as possible and provide flexibility for companies to achieve performance standards in an optimal, technologically neutral manner, and at the lowest possible cost;

Amendment

5. Stresses that the upcoming methane regulatory measures should strive to achieve emissions reductions as swiftly and effectively as possible;


Amendment 17
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 6

Motion for a resolution

6. Recognises the importance of voluntary industry initiatives aimed at reducing methane emissions and considers that any regulatory initiatives should build upon best practices from existing voluntary actions and must be duly preceded by thorough impact assessments;

Amendment

6. Recognises the importance of regulatory measures, underlines that voluntary industry initiatives aimed at reducing methane emissions or other greenhouse gases have not yielded significant results and that we have no more time to waste;


Amendment 18
Anja Hazekamp, Mick Wallace

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 6 a (new)

Amendment

6 a. Stresses the need for effective climate measures to reduce methane emissions; emphasises that this implies binding measures, regulations and emissions reduction targets for the energy, waste and agricultural sectors; emphasizes that voluntary and market-based measures will be utterly insufficient to tackle the climate crisis;


Amendment 19
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 6 b (new)

Amendment

6 b. Reiterates that reducing methane emissions is one of the most effective ways to reduce the rate of global warming during the next 20 years if action is taken quickly; emphasises that impact assessments should never be a cause of delay of the implementation of much needed measures to reduce GHG emissions; stresses that additional impact assessments should be avoided where possible and that impact assessments should include the cost of non-action in terms of immediate and long-term impact on the climate, environment, biodiversity, human and animal health and wellbeing, and general sustainability;


Amendment 20
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 8

Motion for a resolution

8. Welcomes the Commission’s proposal to consider legislation on venting and flaring in the energy sector covering, if feasible, the full supply chain; considers that existing national legislation addressing routine venting and flaring, taking into account complex safety and environmental aspects, must be taken into consideration when developing EU legislation;

Amendment

8. Welcomes the Commission’s proposal to consider legislation on venting and flaring in the energy sector covering the full supply chain; considers that existing national legislation addressing routine venting and flaring, is insufficient; calls on the Commission to propose the swift elimination of the practice of routine venting and flaring;


Amendment 21
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 8 a (new)

Amendment

8 a. Emphasises that methane leakage during production and transport of fossil gas is a significant contributor to methane emissions in the energy sector; stresses that improving leakage detection and repair and eliminating routine venting and flaring are essential measures to reduce methane emissions;


Amendment 22
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 8 b (new)

Amendment

8 b. Stresses that a phase-out of fossil gas production and consumption in the EU must be achieved as soon as possible to minimize methane-induced climate change; emphasizes that abandoned fossil gas wells should be properly cappedin to prevent further methane leaks after their closure;


Amendment 23
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 9

Motion for a resolution

9. Acknowledges that imports comprise over four fifths of the oil and gas consumed in the EU and that most methane emissions associated with oil and gas occur outside EU borders; calls on the Commission to explore regulatory tools for fossil energy imports, including extending forthcoming obligations on MRV, LDAR, venting and flaring to imports;

Amendment

9. Acknowledges that imports comprise over four fifths of the oil and gas consumed in the EU and that most methane emissions associated with oil and gas occur outside EU borders; calls on the Commission to propose regulatory tools for fossil energy imports, including extending forthcoming obligations on MRV, LDAR, venting and flaring to imports and developing mandatory performance standards; stresses that the only long-term solution for this problem is reducing the EU’s dependency on imports of oil and gas by phasing-out the consumption of these energy sources in the EU;


Amendment 24
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 9 a (new)

Amendment

9 a. Underlines that the EU imports over half of globally traded fossil gas, thereby contributing to significant methane emissions outside of EU-borders; calls on the Commission to develop mandatory methane performance standards for imported fossil gas to address these emissions; stresses that a rapid phase-out of fossil gas consumption in the EU is the only long-term solution to eliminate these methane emissions;


Amendment 25
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 11

Motion for a resolution

11. Welcomes the Commission’s initiatives on the utilisation and mitigation of methane from coal mines; expresses its strong support for mandatory MRV for coal mine methane emissions, including the requirement for companies that own closed sites or Member States (for abandoned mines where no existing owner is liable) to adopt the same MRV and LDAR measures as for operating sites;

Amendment

11. Welcomes the Commission’s initiatives on the utilisation and mitigation of methane from coal mines; expresses its strong support for mandatory MRV for coal mine methane emissions, including the requirement for companies that own closed sites or Member States (for abandoned mines where no existing owner is liable) to adopt the same MRV and LDAR measures as for operating sites, stresses that the only real solution is a very rapid complete phase-out of coal mining and coal-fired electricity production and consumption in the EU, insist that swift regulatory action to achieve this is necessary;


Amendment 26
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 11 a (new)

Amendment

11 a. Emphasizes that the EU’s continued reliance on coal mining and coal-fired power stations is unacceptable, also given the significant methane leaks that occur at coal mines; underlines that the continued reliance on coal is completely at odds with the objectives of the Paris Agreement and the much-needed energy transition towards energy savings and renewable energy sources; calls on the Commission to lay out a plan for an EU-wide phase-out of coal-fired electricity by 2025;


Amendment 27
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 11 b (new)

Amendment

11 b. Recalls that agriculture is the largest single contributing sector to anthropogenic methane emissions in the EU; stresses that methane emissions in agriculture are primarily driven by livestock numbers, particularly ruminants such as cattle (for dairy and meat), sheep and goats, which are mainly associated with microbial activity in the digestive tracts of animals and manure management; deplores the lack of action of the methane strategy in targeting this source of methane emissions; calls on the Commission to put forward binding measures and emissions reduction targets covering the agricultural sector, which should take animal welfare fully into account;


Amendment 28
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 11 c (new)

Amendment

11 c. Notes that large livestock farms with more than 50 livestock units account for about 70% of agricultural methane emissions, and 40% of total anthropogenic methane emissions in the EU; underlines that this makes mega livestock farms one of the biggest sources of methane emissions in the EU; emphasises that in addition to their methane emissions, mega livestock farms are extremely harmful for animal welfare, public health and the environment; stresses that this demonstrates an urgent need to swiftly phase out intensive animal agriculture in the EU, including a ban on the development of new mega livestock farms; calls on the Commission to put forward concrete and binding measures targeting the industrial livestock sector;


Amendment 29
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 11 d (new)

Amendment

11 d. Stresses the need to swiftly move away from industrial animal farming, aiming at a 70% reduction in livestock numbers in the EU, with particular focus on Member States with high livestock density such as the Netherlands, Belgium and Denmark;


Amendment 30
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 12

Motion for a resolution

12. Stresses that technologies and practices to limit methane emissions from agriculture are developing at a fast pace; calls on the Commission to ensure that proven effective and cost-efficient innovations are quickly implemented in the EU and integrated into EU agriculture policies;

Amendment

12. Stresses that technologies and practices to limit methane emissions from agriculture are developing at a fast pace, notes that many of the so-called solutions which are put forward by the industry are in fact only end-of-pipe measures, which do not address the roots of the problem and that implementation of these measures will delay effective action; calls on the Commission to ensure that only proven effective innovations which are in line with the intrinsic value of animals and their enshrined right to be treated as sentient beings with full regard to their welfare requirements are quickly implemented in the EU and integrated into EU agriculture policies;


Amendment 31
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 13

Motion for a resolution

13. Underlines the key role that the EU should play in supporting research, innovation and development, as well as in scaling up new technologies to help address methane emissions from livestock agriculture, while protecting animal health and welfare; points especially to the need for multigenerational studies on feed additives;

Amendment

13. Underlines the key role that the EU should play in supporting the development of agro-ecological and plant-based agricultural practices, as well as in reducing the methane emissions from livestock agriculture by reducing animal density and animal livestock numbers, while protecting animal health and welfare; points out that feed additives are no effective solution and could lead to serious animal health problems as well as to food safety issues;


Amendment 32
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 13 a (new)

Amendment

13 a. Warns against reliance on technological innovations such as the development of feed additives which do not address the root causes of methane emissions in the agricultural sector, nor the systemic environmental issues associated with industrial farming and can harm animal health and welfare; stresses instead the need to phase out industrial livestock farming and stimulate a transition towards plant-based diets in line with the objectives of the EU farm to fork strategy;


Amendment 33
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 13 b (new)

Amendment

13 b. Emphasises that biogas production from agricultural waste and manure is an end-of-pipe solution that allows intensive livestock farming to continue business as usual; highlights that the promotion of biogas incentivises industrial livestock farming and thereby harms the environment, biodiversity, public health, animal welfare and small farmers;


Amendment 34
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 13 c (new)

Amendment

13 c. Stresses that promoting biogas as a "solution" risks locking in unsustainable forms of animal production that further contribute to the root causes of harmful methane emissions in agriculture;


Amendment 35
Anja Hazekamp

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 13 d (new)

Amendment

13 d. Emphasises the need to ensure that animal welfare does not suffer under new measures for the agricultural sector, including regarding methane; stresses that no measures, targets, or incentives should lead to a restriction of livestock animals to indoor confinements; emphasises that animals must be able to graze and roam outdoors and should not be prevented from exhibiting their natural behaviour;


Amendment 36
Anja Hazekamp, Mick Wallace

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 13 e (new)

Amendment

13 e. Highlights that peatlands are the world’s largest terrestrial carbon store; underscores that the draining of peatlands for agriculture converts them from a carbon sinkto a significant carbon source and makes them more susceptible to damaging wildfires; calls on the Commission to swiftly present an ambitious and concrete action plan to halt the conversion, draining and burning of peatlands and urgently stimulate their restoration and rewetting;


Status

Ingediend

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